Bảie: A Special Vietnamese Handcraft That Preserves Tradition Introduction

Bảie: A Special Vietnamese Handcraft That Preserves Tradition Introduction


Vietnamese culture is rich in traditions and history. It is a country with diverse handicrafts made by talented artisans, including pottery, lacquerware, and embroidery. One of the unique handmade techniques that stand out in Vietnam is Bảie. It is a traditional weaving technique that has been used for hundreds of years to create beautiful fabrics with intricate patterns. In this article, we will explore Bảie, its history, how it is made, and its significance in Vietnamese culture.

History of Bảie

The origin of Bảie can be traced back to the 18th century during the Tay Son Dynasty in Vietnam. It is said that a woman named Ms. Ngoc brought the technique from China to Vietnam. Since then, Bảie has been passed down from generation to generation in many Vietnamese families. It was initially used to create fabrics for royalty and aristocrats.

The word “Bảie” means “to weave” in the Tay ethnic language. It is a technique where the weavers use their hands and feet to create beautiful patterns on the fabric. The technique involves twisting and turning the threads to create a unique pattern that is not possible to achieve with a machine.

How Bảie is made

The process of making Bảie is a time-consuming and labor-intensive process. The first step is to prepare the raw materials, which are usually silk or cotton threads. The threads are then dyed using natural dyes made from plants, fruits, and insects. The dyed threads are then wound onto a spindle and arranged in a specific order to create the desired pattern.

The loom must be put up next. The loom used in Bảie is different from the conventional loom used in other weaving techniques. It is a horizontal loom that is set up on the floor. The weaver sits on the floor and uses their hands and feet to operate the loom.

The weaver starts by weaving the base fabric. Once the base fabric is complete, the weaver uses a needle to insert additional threads to create the pattern. The needle used in Bảie is unique as it has a hook at the end that allows the weaver to catch and pull the threads through the base fabric.

The weaver repeats this process until the entire pattern is complete. The final step is to finish the fabric by cutting off the excess threads and washing and ironing the fabric.

Significance of Bảie in Vietnamese Culture

Bảie is an essential part of Vietnamese culture. It is not just a weaving technique, but it is a way of life for many Vietnamese families. Bảie fabrics are used to make traditional clothes, home decor items, and accessories.


Bảie fabrics are also used in Vietnamese festivals and ceremonies. For example, in the Lunar New Year festival, families decorate their homes with Bảie fabrics to bring good luck and prosperity. Bảie is also used in traditional Vietnamese weddings, where the bride and groom wear traditional clothes made from Bảie fabric.

Bảie is not just a technique that creates beautiful fabrics, but it is also a way of preserving Vietnamese culture and traditions. It is a way for the younger generation to learn about their heritage and to carry on the legacy of their ancestors.

The Future of Bảie

Despite its importance in Vietnamese culture, Bảie is facing many challenges. One of the significant challenges is the lack of interest from the younger generation. Many young Vietnamese are not interested in learning the technique, and there is a risk that the skill may be lost forever.

Another challenge is the competition from modern machines. The process of making Bảie is time-consuming and labor-intensive, making it more expensive than


In conclusion, Bảie is a unique and beautiful handmade technique that has been used for hundreds of years in Vietnam. It is a symbol of Vietnamese culture and traditions and plays an essential role in preserving the country’s heritage. The process of making Bảie is time-consuming and labor-intensive, but the end result is a stunning fabric with intricate patterns that cannot be replicated by machines. . To ensure that this technique continues to thrive, it is essential to raise awareness about its significance in Vietnamese culture and to encourage more people to learn the skill.

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